Phormium plants (New Zealand Flax)
Phormiums or New Zealand Flax are striking and highly architectural evergreen perennials. They make superb, colourful all season container specimens or can be very effective planted within a mediterranean themed garden. Mix them with ornamental grasses, agapanthus or simply as an accent in a mixed border. Larger plants may produce exotic flower spikes during the season, especially in warmer summers. These handsome plants are also just the thing for a more contemporary gardening style, and they fit perfectly in a jungle themed garden.
Phormium plants prefer a situation of full sun to bring out the best colouration although they will take a little shade, they like some moisture in the soil without it being waterlogged in winter. While they are hardy in many parts of the UK, especially closer to the sea. Phormiums in colder inland gardens are best given a warm sunny spot, or grown in a container with some shelter.
All of our Phormium plants are strong and well established in large 5 litre pots, ready to make some impact from the moment they are planted. They will gradually develop into increasing clumps of colourful architectural foliage.
Types of Phormium Grasses
Phormium plants are evergreens needing little maintenance, just a tidy up of any old brown or damaged leaves in the Spring. at the same time they do appreciate a balanced feed and a generous mulch to conserve moisture and encourage more colourful leaves to emerge during the season.
How to grow Phormium plants
Position: Sun or partial shade.
Foliage: Evergreen grass, foliage stays all year.
Soil and site: Moist well drained soil
Flowering time: Summer
Growth rate: Moderate
Ultimate height and spread: up to 200cm x 200cm
Hardiness: Moderately/Frost hardy. Sheletered spot is best in cold inland areas.
Aftercare: Water regularly after planting and through the first season until established. Tidy up plants in late winter by removing old and dead growth and the old flower stems before the new foliage emerges in Spring.